Thus, a cosmological argument for the existence of God will study the order of things or examine why things are the way they are in order to demonstrate the existence of God.For Aristotle, the existence of the universe needs an explanation, as it could not have come from nothing. Nothing comes from nothing so since there is something there must have been some other something that is its cause.We have idioms and expressions within our language that reflect this idea.
When understood in this way, motion reflects the becoming inherent in the world around us.
God as First Cause becomes that entity which designed and set in motion all things in their quest to become.
Empirical data is that which can be sensed and typically tested.
Unlike Anselm, who was a rationalist, Aquinas will not rely on non-empirical evidence (such as the definition of the term "God" or "perfection") to demonstrate God's existence. Thomas will observe the physical world around him and, moving from effect to cause, will try try to explain why things are the way they are.
Thomas' Five Ways is the concept of potentiality and actuality.
Cosmological Argument Essay
Aristotle observed that things/substances strive from an incomplete state to a complete state. The more complete a thing is, the better an instance of that thing it is.
The very term cosmological is a reflection of Aristotle's relying upon sense data and observation.
The word logos suggests a study of something while the noun cosmos means order or the way things are.
Aquinas once wrote nothing in the mind that was not first in the senses.
Those who place priority upon sense data within the knowing process are known as empiricists.