The strategies they used were relevant to the different periods of the Cold War.Containment worked at the start, wherein the United States and its allies prevented further expansion of the Soviet Union’s power in Europe (Foner, 2009).The great alliance that the United States led proved to be too strong for the Soviet Union and its own alliance in the Eastern bloc.
The massive economic growth in the 1980s, as a result of President Reagan’s tax cuts and deregulation, enabled a huge military funding that extended to the United States’ allies.
This pressured the Soviet Union to funnel funding to its own army, but it eventually succumbed to bankruptcy.
The essay prompts in this lesson are designed for your students to think critically about the period's events, demonstrate their knowledge of the era, and contextualize this period in the larger historical narrative. We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities.
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As a last ditch effort to save a crumbling empire, Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev introduced reforms and openness (also known as perestroika and glasnost).
Although the new reforms spread throughout the Eastern bloc, it was a case of “too little too late”, and within six years, the Soviet empire collapsed.
How the period began and what crucial events took place that pitted the two superpowers against one another is an unending source of fascination and debate for historians and non-historians alike.
Learning about the origins of the Cold War can be an excellent starting point for your students to learn more about the ideas, people, places, and events of the era.
They can also be used for short-answer questions, homework activities and other research or revision tasks. Discuss the outcomes of the Yalta and Potsdam conferences regarding the post-war world. Was the “economic miracle” in West Germany mostly a result of Western aid – or were there other factors? What was change the relationship between East and West Germany? What was the House Un-American Activities Committee, or HUAC? In your answer, refer to three examples of individuals who appeared before HUAC. Who were the “Hollywood Ten” and what was their fate? Explain how a junior Senator like Joseph Mc Carthy became an important Cold War figure in the early 1950s. What were the ‘warning signs’ for spotting communists or communist activity? Depictions of ‘normal’ Americans, families and behaviour were an important part of Cold War propaganda. Discuss how ideas of normality were represented in popular culture, such as television. Refer to at least three specific documents, actions or methods used by Hoover. Describe the objectives of the 1959 Cuban Revolution. Were these missions successful in advancing American interests? What did the ‘Kitchen Debate’ reveal about the ideas, values and leadership of the United States and the Soviet Union? What were the ramifications of the Soviet capture of Gary Powers and his U-2 spy plane in 1960? Chart the course of American involvement in Vietnam. How and why did this involvement increase during the 1960s? How did Cold War tensions shape events in the Middle East between 19? Describe the United States’ relationship with the People’s Republic of China between 19. How successful were these treaties at easing Cold War tensions? Why did the Soviet Union invade and occupy Afghanistan in late 1979? Referring to at least three specific examples, explain how Reagan sought to undermine and weaken communism around the world. Why did Ronald Reagan order US forces to invade Grenada in 1983?
Use our website and other sources to help you complete these questions. Describe the relationship between the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union during World War II. Why did HUAC seek to identify communists and communist sympathisers in the worlds of film and literature? Evaluate the extent of Soviet espionage in the United States and Britain in the first decade of the Cold War. What was the basis of Mc Carthy’s power and influence? Research three individuals who criticised or stood against Mc Carthyism. Why did Fidel Castro want to overthrow the Batista regime? Which Middle Eastern nations were influenced by the superpowers and which steered their own course? Explain how sport was used for political advantage during the Cold War. How and why did this relationship change in 1971-72? What factors contributed to the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s? What were the short and long-term ramifications of this action?