In 1936, the Senate amended these rules to include Rule XI, which allows the appointment of a small number of Senators to operate as a trial committee to gather evidence and take testimony.The Senate has used trial committees on only three occasions in the 1980s to assist with fact-finding regarding impeachment articles approved by the House against three federal district judges.Moreover, the supermajority requirement was designed to facilitate serious deliberation and to make removal possible only through a consensus that cuts across factional divisions.Tags: People Helping People Credit Union EssayEssay On An AbstractionOnline English Essay CorrectorResources Required DissertationScience Papers For Class 10Goldwater Scholarship Essay RequirementsCompare Contrast Movies Books EssayDo My Algebra HomeworkStudent Assignment SheetFuture Business Plans
The 42nd President of the United Sates, William Jefferson Clinton, is considered the most investigated President in U. Lewinsky's name was first included on a list of potential witnesses prepared by Jones' attorneys that was submitted to Clinton's legal team (Clinton).
The first scandal, Travelgate, involved the White House travel office and the firing of seven employees who were replaced by Clinton's Arkansas friends in 1993, and was followed a few months later by the Whitewater controversy (Presidential). Jones publicly alleged that Clinton, while Governor of Arkansas, had sexual harassed her, Clinton began an eighteen-month affair with Monica Lewinsky, a 22 year-old White House intern (Presidential).
On January 16, 1998, Tripp lured Lewinsky to a hotel room.
There, her conversation with Tripp was secretly recorded pursuant to a court order.
Second, the Framers vested the Senate rather than the judiciary with the authority to try impeachments because they favored, as Alexander Hamilton explained in The Federalist No.
65, a "numerous court for the trial of impeachments." He believed such a body would be well suited to handle the procedural demands of an impeachment trial, in which it, unlike judges, should "never be tied down by such strict rules, either in the delineation of the offense by the prosecutor, or in the construction of it by judges, as in the common cases serve to limit the discretion of courts in favor of personal security." Hamilton explained further that "[t]he awful discretion which a court of impeachments must necessarily have to doom to honor or infamy the most confidential and the most distinguished characters of the community forbids the commitment of the trust to a small number of persons."There are three special requirements for impeachment trials.
In addition to the requirements in the Constitution's text, three significant questions have arisen about Senate authority to try impeachments.
The first is the minimum the Senate must do once the House impeaches someone.
Because the Constitution both provides the Senate with the "sole power to try impeachments" and empowers "Each House..determine the Rules of its Proceedings," the Senate has formulated its own special impeachment trial procedures (first written down by Thomas Jefferson when he was Vice President).
In President Johnson's impeachment trial, the Senate formulated an additional set of rules that have largely remained intact ever since and were followed by the Senate in President Clinton's impeachment trial.