A young man called Graham Gaskin was very badly treated in care for many years.
He wanted to read his social services files, which were kept by Liverpool City Council. Graham Gaskin went through the courts in the UK to try and force the Council to let him see his files, but the courts agreed with the Council.
In 2007, the families of two boys who had died in custody, during or after being restrained, complained to the UK courts about a new law which allowed staff to use physical force a lot more often on children in some prisons (called Secure Training Centres).
The lawyers said that the new law breached the boys right to prohibition of torture.
The UK Court of Appeal agreed Shabina’s rights had been breached, but then the case went to the House of Lords, which disagreed and said that her rights had not been breached.
Even though Shabina lost her final court case, there was a lot of discussion about school uniforms in the newspapers and on TV.
The judgment said the UK Government should make changes to protect the rights of other children and young people appearing in court in future.
A lot of changes were made, though many human rights organisations and campaigners are still concerned about how children who commit crimes in the UK are treated.
There were a number of journalists present, which made the boys confused and frightened.
Judges in the European Court of Human Rights agreed that the boys' right to a fair trial had been breached.