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When selecting land for your dairy farm, some important considerations include: availability of quality and consistent water supply, the size of the land, quality of grass and grazing pasture and the soil type is it affects pasture quality.Other factors include availability of already made infrastructure like good road network, milk facilities, dependable electricity, pens, sheds, buildings.Other dairy milk cow structures include milking parlour, sick/isolation pens, calving boxes, crowding pens, sorting corrals, working chutes & gates, and squeeze gates.
The dairy farm also requires good fencing, so as to contain the milk cows and manage their grazing.
Dairy farm fencing can be by barbed wire, high tensile smooth wire or electric fencing.
However, to build a successful, sustainable milk dairy farming business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently keep the milk cows, good management skills, and a good dairy farming business plan.
This article will outline how to start the dairy farming project, and the dairy farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.
The amount of capital required for the milk dairy farming business depends on the size of the project.
When starting a dairy milk production business, most of the capital goes to acquiring the land, building infrastructure, and buying the dairy cows & bulls.
A dairy farm can also be operated without bulls, by using artificial insemination for breeding the milking cows.
The decision of which dairy breed to use is important, and affects the success of your milk production business.
The quantity of milk produced also varies depending on the breed of the milk cow.
Other characteristics which vary among breeds include breeding age, productive lifespan, adaptation to different environmental conditions & climates, calving ease, feed conversion, diseases resistance, and average birth weight.