Using quotes is a great way for readers to “hear” the expert voices talking about your writing topic. Here are some examples of how to introduce a source: After introducing the quote, be sure that you use a signal verb to indicate that the source’s words are next.
When quoting, focus on (a) introducing the quote, (b) explaining its relevance, and (c) citing the sources—both in your writing and in formal citations. Introduce the source by giving your reader any information that would be useful to know: Who said it? In the third example above, you can see that "states" has been used to signal the source’s words.
Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation ½ inch from the new margin. The parenthetical quotation should come after the closing punctuation mark.
When writing a journal article, literature review, convention paper, or any other academic document, authors must include in-text citations whenever they refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source.
Precisely how do you insert this required information into your writing? The first is to include the full or last name(s) of the author(s) directly in a sentence, and the year of publication in parentheses just following the name(s).
If directly quoting, include at the end of your sentence the page number where the quotation can be found.
While each "official" style guide has its own approach to block quotes, individual publishers may have unique in-house rules.
APA stands for American Psychological Association, and APA style is used to format anything in the social sciences.
Customarily, quotations that run longer than four or five lines are blocked, but style guides often disagree on the minimum length for a block quotation.
Some styles are more concerned with word counts, while others focus on the number of lines.