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Beowulf is similar to both of these characters—his father died while Beowulf was still young, and Beowulf himself dies without an heir.The anxiety about succession focuses attention on the ties between generations.Beowulf doesn’t lead a particularly good life by Christian standards, but the poet cannot help but revere him.
Beowulf is loosely divided into three parts, each of which centers around Beowulf’s fight with a particular monster: first Grendel, then Grendel’s mother, then the dragon.
One can argue that this structure relates to the theme of the epic in that each monster presents a specific moral challenge against which the Anglo-Saxon heroic code can be measured and tested.
Additionally, whereas Beowulf focuses on the heroic life early on, seeking to make a name for himself, he must focus on fate and the maintenance of his reputation late in life.
The obsession with patriarchal history manifests itself throughout Beowulf, which opens by tracing Hrothgar’s male ancestry and constantly refers to characters as the sons of their fathers.
One of the main thematic points highlighted by such a division is the difference in responsibilities of the warrior and of the king.
As a young warrior, Beowulf is free to travel afar to protect others, but as an old king, he must commit himself to guard his own people.His subsequent encounter with Grendel’s mother evokes the importance of vengeance.Just as Beowulf exacts revenge upon Grendel for killing Hrothgar’s men, so too must Grendel’s mother seek to purge her grief by slaying her son’s murderer.Both Hrothgar and Hygelac depend on the loyalty of others if their sons are to inherit their respective kingships.All of these concerns help emphasize the importance of family heritage as a cultural value.are examples of such literature where Christian heroism is vividly seen. In fact, I would go so far as to say that the essentials of Christian heroism are described and praised in the poem making this epic poem the first “English” text where Christian heroism is embodied.There are two characters who exhibit Christian heroism, Beowulf and King Hrothgar and each character has differing levels of Christian heroism.The story of is much different and that makes it all the more interesting.Despite it being ostensibly pagan, it is imbued with many Christian elements.The Beowulf story has its roots in a pagan Saxon past, but by the time the epic was written down, almost all Anglo-Saxons had converted to Christianity.As a result, the Beowulf poet is at pains to resolve his Christian beliefs with the often quite un-Christian behavior of his characters.