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This formalised the relationship between Australia, America and New Zealand and one would come to the other's aid in the event of attack.The Malayan Emergency (1948-60) was the only war the West won against insurgent communism.
The Australian Government was also concerned that United States involvement in the South East Asian area should be encouraged and supported in case of future threats in the region.
With this growing fear in mind, Australia had long suffered from a sense of unease about its position as the only European settled country in Asia.
Unless this aggressive action by China was stopped in Vietnam, the theory ran, that after Vietnam had fallen, the surrounding countries would follow, just like a row of Dominoes.
These countries, which tended to be neutral in their outlook, favouring neither east nor west, might become involved in another war like Vietnam, or they might defect to the Communist line.
The American presence in South Vietnam was seen as an extension of the principle of containment.
Australian Involvement In Vietnam War Essay
That principle had it that in the interests of avoiding a global war no great attempt would be made to liberate countries, which had fallen to communism, but the spread of communism, inevitably by dictatorial means, would be resisted.
It was an intense 12-year jungle war fought by the British, British Commonwealth and Malay forces against the guerrillas of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) led by Communist fanatic Chin Peng.
Australia contributed troops in 1950, to help the British in preventing Malaya becoming a communist state of China.
As it was when Japan closed in on Australian shores, the only real solution was to send troops off to contain and stop forces before they reached our land and became a direct military threat.
Politics Australia had reasons for wanting to join the Vietnam War, quite apart from considerations of South Vietnamese independence.