For he states: "Someone will say: And are you not ashamed, Socrates, of a course of life which is likely to bring you to an untimely end?To him I may fairly answer: There you are mistaken: a man who is good for anything ought not to calculate the chance of living or dying; he ought only to consider whether in doing anything he is doing right or wrong - acting the part of a good man or of a bad" This is Socrates most cherished principle, that in dying for his beliefs he would be choosing the most noble action and not the most obvious.Throughout the Apology, Socrates puts forward his views of wisdom, virtue, and nobility he believes to be moral truths, not to clear his name, but to reveal the ignorance of his prosecutors, judges, and fellow citizens.
Anyway, the Socratic Problem usually only arises in the dialogues that Plato wrote, not accounts.
Plato did use Socrates as a "character" for delivering his own philosophical treatises as well as some of Socrates'.
However, once accused, Socrates does not escape from prison and later, execution, for: "Socrates is confident that justice and morality are always in our interest. in The Internet Classics Archive, MIT and Web atomics, accessed 18 February 2008 Frank N.
He insists that a just person will allow nothing to count against doing the just action, no matter what the cost may be. Magill, ed., World philosophy: essay-reviews of 225 major works (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, c1982).
Moreover, during the trial, in his speech of self-defence, Socrates twice mentions that Plato is present at the trial (34a and 38b).
The Apology of Socrates begins with Socrates addressing the jury to ask if the men of Athens (the jury) have been persuaded by the Orators Lycon, Anytus, and Meletus, who have accused Socrates of corrupting the young people of the city and of impiety against the pantheon of Athens.not to wealth, power and other external advantages." Socrates states that this was his true purpose, for "The unexamined life is not worth living." Later on in the trial Socrates remains steadfast on his views and refuses to give up his philosophical pursuit, even if it costs him his life.He tells the jury, "Therefore if you let me go now...If Socrates were to choose an ordinary good over the just course of action he would be choosing an action that is bad for him, and he refuses to do this; this is why he refuses to propose an alternative to the death penalty." Thus, Socrates chooses to accept his fate and, doing so, secures his place as "the greatest hero in the history of philosophy." Socrates' primary concern in life was arete `excellence', not in the Sophistic sense of practical efficiency in public life, but as moral excellence of soul, that is, virtue. Becker, eds., Encyclopedia of Ethics (New York: Routledge, 2001), 1623. Alex_J commented, on February 27, 2008 at a.m.: Interesting Read and Well Written But as this is an account by Plato of Socrates,how much do we know is true or not about the beliefs of Socrates - Daniel Marrow commented, on February 28, 2008 at p.m.: It is true that we cannot be 100% sure of what Socrates said himself as Plato wrote The Apology.This belief sets the foundations for ethics and philosophy, that Socrates died, not in vain, but for that which he most valued: the pursuit of virtue. However, as this is an account of a well known event, we can be sure that it is accurate (many other of Socrates' friends were present and Plato is less likely to have written something different when there were other people who witnessed the speech).Socrates says he will not use sophistic language — carefully arranged ornate words and phrases — but will speak using the common idiom of the Greek language.He affirms that he will speak in the manner he is heard using in the agora and at the money tables.Despite his claim of ignorance, Socrates speaks masterfully, correcting the Orators and showing them what they should have done — speak the truth persuasively and with wisdom.Although offered the opportunity to appease the prejudices of the jury, with a minimal concession to the charges of corruption and impiety, Socrates does not yield his integrity to avoid the penalty of death. In the society of 5th-century BC Athens, the three men who formally accused the philosopher Socrates of impiety and corruption against the people and the city, represented the interests of the politicians and the craftsmen, of the scholars, poets, and rhetoricians.Many historians believe "The Apology" to be Socrates own., Apología Sokrátous; Latin: Apologia Socratis), by Plato, is the Socratic dialogue that presents the speech of legal self-defence, which Socrates presented at his trial for impiety and corruption, in 399 BC.