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• Jockey often have occasion to mention particular horses, and thus use distinct names as other men do with humans.
• Men assume that the articulate sounds represent things as they really are.
Men pervert the use of words when they assume this.
It would have been inconvenient and likely impossible to remember a particular sound for every particular thing in the world.
• Words such as ignorance and barrenness do not signify an idea, but rather an absence of ideas.
Book III • Chapter 1 – Of Words or Language in General • God fashioned man for a sociable animal.
Language is the instrument and common tie of society.
They have been accustomed to the sound and do not carefully examine the meaning of the sound. • The common use of words appropriate certain sounds to certain ideas.
There is no natural connection between sounds and the ideas they represent.
Nothing was so fit for this purpose as articulate sounds. There is no natural connection between articulate sounds and certain ideas; otherwise there would be one universal language.
• Men use words to record their own thoughts for the assistance of their memory or to convey their ideas to others.