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Sparta Directions: In a structured five-paragraph essay, answer the question below using quotes from the 11 provided primary sources to support your claims.
Document 5- Excerpt from “The Old Oligarch on the Athenian constitution” by unknown author.
Again, some people are surprised at the fact that in all fields they give more power to the masses, the poor and the common people than they do the respectable elements of society, but it will become clear that they preserve the democracy by doing precisely this.
Also he banished from Lacedaemon all strangers who were there for no useful purpose..fear that they might teach the people some mischief.
Strangers introduce strange ideas and these could lead to subversive discussions and political views, which would jar the established constitution, like discord in music.
For we alone regard the man who does not take part in public affairs, not as one who minds his own business, but as good for nothing; and we Athenians decide public questions for ourselves or at least endeavor to arrive at a sound understanding of them, in the belief that it is not debate that is a hindrance to action, but rather not to be instructed by debate before the time comes for action.
Document 4- Excerpt from “Parallel Lives” by Plutarch...would not allow citizens to leave the country at pleasure, to wander in foreign lands where they would contract strange habits and learn to imitate the untrained lives and ill regulated institutions to be found abroad. (with striking illustrations), and the works there cited. In the Iliad warriors are said to become chloroi through deos (10.376, 15.4% whence deos itself is called chloron (7.479, 8-77, 14-5O6, 17.67).Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.A conclusion that restates the thesis statement and comments on the significance of the topic.You should include some commentary that explain the “So what? Essay Question:• Explain the most important differences between Athens and Sparta in their forms of government, economic structure and their cultural values.Colleagues who work on ancient philosophy tell me that it I am most grateful to the organizers of the GIREA conference, in particular Dr. - The Archaeology of Greek and Roman Slavery, London 2003 and du Bois, P. Anastasia Serghidou, for inviting me to present this paper, and for the admirable way in which the conference was conducted, in pleasant venues and among congenial colleagues. - Slaves and other Objects (Chicago and London 2003) came to my attention too late for more than superficial consideration. In: Fear of Slaves - Fear of Enslavement in the Ancient Mediterranean (Discourse, representations, practices). Besançon : Presses Universitaires de Franche-Comté, 2007. Fear is not simply an expectation, but also an emotional response. 650B 28), but not fear among slaves, and certainly not among their masters. Athenaion Politeia 1.11) simply takes it for granted that slaves should stand in fear of their 'superiors'. Hermathena 160 1906 37-41 : see also the commentaries by W. ( XXIXe colloque du GIREA Rethymnon, 4-7 novembre 2004 : 347-360 "The severity of the master, and misery of the slave": Fears and Evils in David Hume's Essay Of the Populousness of Ancient Nations David HARVEY (University of Exeter) Plato defines fear as "the expectation of evil".1 That is accurate, but as Aristotle saw2, it is inadequate. - Aristotle on Emotion, London 1975 : 64-9, and Dr. This is not the place for a full examination of Plato and Aristotle's views on fear, which might well start from an examination of the passages listed in the standard indexes s.v. Aristotle, we might add, discusses fear in animals that nave cold and watery blood (de Partibus Animalium 2. deos distinguishes between deos, a long-term state otmind, and phobos, sudden fear, citingridt. 3 The others are happiness^ sadness, anger, surprise and disgust. When the king is dead and another is appointed king, this king who is newly coming in sets free any man of the Spartans who was a debtor to the king or the state..Some, indeed, say that the best constitution is a combination of all existing forms, and they praise the Lacedaemonian because it is made up of oligarchy, monarchy, and democracy, the king forming the monarchy, and the council of elders the oligarchy while the democratic element is represented by the Ephors; for the Ephors are selected from the people.